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Pneumatics: what is it and what is it used for?

Pneumatics, or a branch of physics that studies the transfer of forces through gas under pressure

In the field of industrial automation, pneumatics is becoming increasingly popular, especially when the forces involved are lower than those that require hydraulic devices. Pneumatic devices are cheaper than electric ones and as an energy source they use filtered and purified air, which, through actuators, converts the energy of the compressed air into energy that drives mobile mechanical devices.

What makes up a pneumatic system

A pneumatic system consists of two main parts: – compression stationair utilization circuit The compressor station is a mechanical device with the purpose of producing compressed air; it consists of several elements, including the compressor, the cooler, the condensate separator, the air dryer, the compressed air storage tank and an FRL unit. The air utilization circuit, on the other hand, consists of: pneumatic cylinders; pneumatic control and regulation valves; holoepneumatic equipment and accessory organs.

Compressed Air

The final product of pneumatic work is compressed air, that is, atmospheric air reduced in volume and stored in a tank or cylinders capable of withstanding pressure. The use of compressed air is varied and adapts to different contexts, for example, in workshops it is used to start different tools or inflate tires, but also to clean and spray paint. In machine tools it is used to operate valves and jacks, as well as in means of transport to actuate the braking system.

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