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Andalusia: the leading region of the Spanish agricultural sector

The agri-food sector of Andalusia is the largest in Spain and accounts for 12.8% (19,440 million euros) to the regional gross value added and 16% (489,000 people) of total employment in its economy in 2021. At the national level, it contributes 19.5% of the gross value added and 21.8% of the total number of people employed in the Spanish agri-food activity.

The second exporter

These data are collected in the Observatorio sobre el sector agroalimentario de las regiones espaรฑolas. The report highlights the evolution of the sectorโ€™s export from Andalusia. With a value sold abroad of 12,491 million euros, the Andalusian agri-food sector is the second exporter in Spain, only behind Catalonia, contributing for 21.1% of the total exported and with the largest trade surplus (7,000 million euros).

Successful figures

The region has been Spainโ€™s leading producer of olive oil, vegetables and fresh fruit for decades. The main agri-food products of Andalusia are legumes, vegetables, fats and oils and edible fruits and nuts, with the EU-27 being the main destination.
In the region, there are 5,604 companies engaged in the agri-food sector, 18.5% of the total of the national industry, the highest number of the Spanish regions.
The high productivity of the Andalusian agri-food sector and the containment of the average cost of labor (80.2% of companies are micro-enterprises or without employees) place it in the fourth most competitive place in the entire country. 

Sustainability and innovation

The report also dedicates a section to actions aimed at improving the sustainability of the sector. In this context, Andalusia has almost half (48.9%) of the area cultivated in ecological agriculture in Spain, a percentage of almost four points (3.8%) more than a year ago, demonstrating its commitment to sustainability.
Last but not least, in terms of innovation in the agri-food sector, Andalusia represents 10.3% of all AEI-Agri (European Associations for Innovation in Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability) operating groups active throughout Spain (46 out of 445) and develops 6.7% of innovative agricultural projects (47 out of 698) of the entire national group.

Source: diariodealmeria.es

Read also: Desalination: a process to combat the water emergency
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